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  • The United States has occupied the island of Guam since Spain's defeat in the Spanish-American War in 1898, when it was transferred to the control of the U.S. Navy. The island has since held a Navy yard and Marine barracks and currently has a naval base and Coast Guard station in the south and an Air Force base in the north. <br><br> The Tamuning area of Guam, Aug. 15, 2017. Guam officials were "ecstatic" as North Korea appeared to back away from its threat to fire four missiles toward the U.S. territory in the western Pacific.
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  • Located in Micronesia in the western Pacific Ocean, Guam was established as an unincorporated organized territory of the United States in 1950. This granted the people U.S. citizenship but as Guam is not a U.S. state, citizens are not allowed to vote for president. <br><br> A UPI news map from July 1, 1962, shows the region of Micronesia, the provisional capital of Micronesia was transferred from Guam (outside the territory) to Saipan (star) to give Micronesia its first unified civilian administration for the entire territory.
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  • During World War II, Guam was attacked and invaded by the Empire of Japan, Dec. 8, 1941, shortly after the attack on Pearl Harbor. <br><br> A Water Buffalo vessel loaded with Marines and bound for Tinian Island makes its way off the coast of Guam in July 1944.
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  • A Marine from the Third Marine Division goes after a sniper in a shelled building in Guam, August 1944.
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  • The American flag is raised on Guam for the first time in two and a half years, after Japanese occupation starting in 1941, on June 3, 1944. Col Merlin F. Schneider, the commanding officer of the Marines that recaptured the area, salutes the flag.
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  • Japanese prisoners of war in a temporary camp held by the U.S. Marines during World War II in Guam, circa 1943-1944.
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  • Marines walk by the wreckage of a Japanese dive bomber on their way to Agat beach, Guam, July 1944.
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  • The U.S. Marines salute the U.S. Coast Guard after the Japanese were defeated on Guam in August 1944 with a sign that read, "They (the Coast Guard) Put Us Here and We Intend to Stay."
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  • Enlisted men and women watch a United Service Organizations (USO) show in Guam, 1945. The USO is a nonprofit organization created in 1941 at the beginning of World War II, to provide entertainment to the troops while stationed abroad.
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  • Navy Capt. Edward Steichen takes photos of Chamorro children in Guam, March 1945. <br><br> When World War II broke out photographer Edward Steichen joined the United States Naval Reserves, at the age of 62. As the chief of Navy combat photography, Steichen went to Guam and Iwo Jima.
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  • A group of US Army nurses relaxing during stopover in Guam, June 1, 1945.
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  • A view of military ambulances lined up on shore at Guam, awaiting the arrival of the USS Solace with casualties from Okinawa, in June 1945.
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  • Japanese prisoners of war (POWs) playing baseball at a stockade, Guam, 1945.
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  • At a Navy school for nurses in Guam a girl wheels the hospital's practice dummy, 1949.
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  • A sign commemorating the World War II site of the Battle of Yigo in Guam, 1965.
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  • A crowd gathers at Guam International Airport to welcome President Lyndon B. Johnson, March 19, 1967.
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  • An Air Force B-52 Stratofortress unloads bombs on enemy strongholds in Vietnam, April 3, 1967. B-52's flying from Guam bombed an enemy base camp along the Cambodian border.
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  • Comedian Bob Hope and actress Raquel Welch break through package labeled "To the G.I.'s," Dec. 15, 1967, moments before boarding a MATS airline as Hope and his troupe of 60 depart on his 17th annual Christmas tour of overseas military bases. Hope and his entourage visited troops serving in the Vietnam war zone as well as Thailand and Guam.
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  • Shoichi Yokoi, 58, at Guam Memorial Hospital in Agana, Guam, Jan. 25, 1972, after he was found in the jungle by fishermen. The former Imperial Army Sergeant reportedly arrived in Guam from Manchuria with Japanese forces in 1943 and fled into the jungle during the U.S. invasion of 1944. He is said to have existed on shrimps, fish and nuts.
    AP Photo
  • A U.S. army officer gives instructions as rescue work continues on the crash site of the Korean Air (KAL) Boeing 747 near Agana in Guam, Aug. 6, 1997. KAL flight 801 crashed with at least 29 of the 231 people aboard surviving the tragedy.
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  • The Los Angeles-class submarine USS San Francisco returns from a five-month deployment, June 4, 2004 in Apra Harbor, Guam.
    Mark A. Leonesio/U.S. Navy via Getty Images
  • Members of Japan's Ground Self-Defense Force are seen during a joint drill, Sept. 22, 2012, with the U.S. Marine Corps on the northern shore of the island of Guam aimed at strengthening their ability to defend remote islands from foreign assault.
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  • The Anderson Air Force base in Yigo, Guam, Aug. 11, 2017.
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  • Afternoon traffic passes in front of a wall painted with U.S. and Guam flags in the Tumon district on the island of Guam on Aug. 11, 2017. Tourism-dependent Guam is looking to cash in on its new-found fame as a North Korean missile target, tapping an unlikely promotional opportunity to attract visitors to the idyllic island.
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  • A woman poses for a friend beneath a sign reading "No drugs or nuclear weapons allowed" at the entrance to a restaurant in the Tamuning area of Guam, Aug. 12, 2017. Guam posted emergency guidelines on Aug. 11, 2017, to help residents prepare for any potential nuclear attack after a threat from North Korea to fire missiles in the vicinity of the U.S. Pacific territory.
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  • Members of community groups calling for the "de-colonization and de-militarization of Guam" attend a "People for Peace" rally in Hagatna, Guam, Aug. 14, 2017. Tensions have soared in the past week as President Donald Trump warned North Korea it would face "fire and fury" if it attacked the U.S., while the North threatened to test-fire its missiles over Japan and towards the U.S. Pacific island of Guam.
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