NPS Photo by William Henry Jackson
  • In 1871, photographer William Henry Jackson joined the first federally funded geological survey of northwestern Wyoming, led by Ferdinand Vandeveer Hayden. The photographs that Jackson took during this trip were presented to congress, and on March 1, 1872, President Ulysses S. Grant signed a law making Yellowstone National Park - the nation’s first. The United States now has 59 protected national parks all operated by the National Park Service which is currently celebrating its centennial. <br><br> The hot springs on Gardner River are seen here in 1871.
    NPS Photo by William Henry Jackson
  • The Lower Falls of Yellowstone National Park are seen here in 1871. The lower falls are 308 feet high and located in the Grand Canyon of Yellowstone.
    NPS Photo by William Henry Jackson
  • The Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone is seen here from the Brink of the Lower Falls in 1871. This canyon is 1,200 feet at its deepest.
    NPS Photo by William Henry Jackson
  • The summit of Jupiter Terraces at Mammoth Hot Spring is seen here in 1871.
    NPS Photo by William Henry Jackson
  • Old Faithful's eruption is seen here in 1872. According to the National Park Service, Old Faithful erupts about 17 times per day. Earthquakes in the 20th century, have lengthened its interval between eruptions in the past few decades.
    NPS Photo by William Henry Jackson
  • Expedition leader and geologist Ferdinand Vandeveer Hayden and Walter Pairs are seen at a camp in 1871.
    NPS Photo by William Henry Jackson
  • The Earthquake camp near Steamboat Point is seen here in 1871. Geologist Albert Peale wrote journal entries detailing the earthquakes the party experienced while at the camp.
    NPS Photo by William Henry Jackson
  • William Henry Jackson was photographed here with photo equipment on Mt. Washburn by an unknown photographer in 1871. Jackson's photographic detail consisted of five to seven men with mules carrying equipment.
    NPS Photo by William Henry Jackson
  • Members of the Shoshone tribe are seen here in 1871. According to Yellowstone National Park, Native Americans had been living in the Yellowstone region for more than 11,000 years.
    NPS Photo by William Henry Jackson
  • The Lone Star Geyser is seen here in 1871. A 2011 study found Yellowstone to be home to 1,283 geysers.
    NPS Photo by William Henry Jackson
  • The Upper Geyser Basin, the home of Old Faithful, is seen here in 1872.
    NPS Photo by William Henry Jackson
  • The Valley of the Yellowstone was photographed here in 1871 with Emigrant Peak in the distance.
    NPS Photo by William Henry Jackson
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